GPS and GSM based Vehicle Tracking System Using Arduino (2024)

This circuit is designed for tracking the location of vehicles. Most oftracking systems are made by usingGPS.This is very simple and cheap. Tracking systems are mostly used by fleet operators for tracking a vehicle location, routing and others. This is a very good method for preventing our vehicles from stolen. This tracking system sends us the geographical coordinates and by using these coordinates we can track our vehicle position on electronic maps using internet. By using these tacking systems we can share real time information about transportations. And also can be share real time information or position of trains and buses with passengers. Means passengers can see the real time of arriving busses or trains at the platforms onLCDor on Mobiles.

GPS and GSM based Vehicle Tracking System Using Arduino (1)

Fig. 1:Block Diagram of Arduino based Vehicle Tracking System

Here in this system we are using theGSM module for sending the coordinatesof vehicle on mobile phone via message.GPS is sends the coordinatescontinuously in form of string. After reading this string usingArduinoextract the required data from string and then sends it to mobile phone usingGSM modulevia SMS. This information is calledlatitude and longitude.GPS used 3 or 4satellitefor tracking the location of any vehicle.

GPS and GSM based Vehicle Tracking System Using Arduino (2)

Fig. 2:Prototype of Arduino based Vehicle Tracking System

GPS and GSM based Vehicle Tracking System Using Arduino (3)

Fig. 3:Image of Arduino based Vehicle Tracking System in action

GPS and GSM based Vehicle Tracking System Using Arduino (4)

Fig. 4:Image of Arduino based Vehicle Tracking System showing current GPS location of the vehicle

In circuit diagram three main Components used. These are Global Positioning System(GPS), GSM Module and Arduino. GSM module’s Rx pin is directly connected to Tx pin of Arduino and Tx pin of GPS is directly connected Rx pin of Arduino. And a 16X2 liquid Crystal display is also connected withArduinofor displaying coordinate.It is assumed that the reader gone through How to strat with arduino and How to interface LCD with arduino.

GPS and GSM based Vehicle Tracking System Using Arduino (5)

Fig. 5:Image of SMS received on Mobile phone showing current GPS location of vehicle

GPS and GSM based Vehicle Tracking System Using Arduino (6)

Fig. 6:Image of display panel of vehicle tracking system showing current GPS location


Programming part of this project is also simple. GPS continuously sends coordinates to Arduino and Arduino read these coordinate and extract required character of coordinates. GPS sends many string to Arduino but we required only one of them. First we match required string which is


The above given string is required string. In this string,

after first comma: this is the coordinates reading time.

After second comma: this is the Latitude

After third comma: this is longitude

GPS and GSM based Vehicle Tracking System Using Arduino (7)

Fig. 7:Screenshot of Arduino Serial Port showing logged GPS data

If this string matches then we start to store this string in a temporary array and then extract required coordinates from it and stores in another two arrays. And then send these array to Display and also sends these to user’s mobile phone via SMS. For sending SMS here we used GSM module which sends SMS to mobile phone.AT commandsfor sending SMS:





In programming we used these commands for sending SMS using GSM:

Serial.println(“AT+CMGF=1”); // for selecting text mode

Serial.println(“AT+CMGS=”9610126059””); // Add user mobile number

Serial.println(“Latitude: ”); // write Latitude in message

Serial.println(latitude); // write Latitude array in SMS

Serial.println(“Longitude: ”);


And then

Serial.write(26); // send SMS

After this configuration GSM Module sends GPS or Vehicle location to mobile phone.

Here Serial.write command is used for sending message. if you will use Serial.print of serial.prinln GSM module will not send any message. so we have to used Serial.write for sending message.

Here 26 decimal number is also used. 26 is the equivalent decimal number of ctrl+z.

Instead of these we can also use hexadecimal number 0x1A.

Note:This program or Systemdoes not work with FTDI burner. So when you run this system or programremove FTDI burner first and then connect external power supply with Arduino Pro Mini.’

Components Used:

1. Arduino Pro mini

2. GSM Module

3. Global Positioning System (GPS)

4. 16X2 Liquid Crystal Display

5. Connecting wires

Project Source Code

####include<LiquidCrystal.h>LiquidCrystal lcd(12, 11, 5, 4, 3, 2);char str[70];char *test="$GPGGA"; char logitude[10];char latitude[10];int i,j,k;int temp;int Ctrl+z=26; //for sending msgvoid setup() { lcd.begin(16,2); Serial.begin(9600); lcd.setCursor(0,0); lcd.print("GPS Besed Vehicle "); lcd.setCursor(0,1); lcd.print("Tracking System"); delay(10000);}void loop() { if (temp==1) { for(i=18;i<27;i++) //extract latitude from string { latitude[j]=str[i]; j++; } for(i=30;i<40;i++) //extract longitude from string { logitude[k]=str[i]; k++; } lcd.setCursor(0,0); //display latitude and longitude on 16X2 lcd display lcd.print("Lat(N)"); lcd.print(latitude); lcd.setCursor(0,1); lcd.print("Lon(E)"); lcd.print(logitude); delay(100); Serial.println("AT+CMGF=1"); //select text mode delay(10); Serial.println("AT+CMGS="9610126059""); // enter receipent number Serial.println(); Serial.print("Latitude(N): "); //enter latitude in msg Serial.println(latitude); //enter latitude value in msg Serial.print("Longitude(E): "); //enter Longitude in Msg Serial.println(logitude); //enter longitude value in msg Serial.write(Ctrl+z); //send msg Ctrl+z=26 temp=0; i=0; j=0; k=0; delay(20000); // next reading within 20 seconds }}void serialEvent(){ while (Serial.available()) //Serial incomming data from GPS { char inChar = (char); str[i]= inChar; //store incomming data from GPS to temparary string str[] i++; if (i < 7) { if(str[i-1] != test[i-1]) //check for right string { i=0; } } if(i >=60) { temp=1; } }}###

Circuit Diagrams


Project Video

Filed Under: Electronic Projects
Tagged With: Arduino, gps, GSM MODULE, lcd
GPS and GSM based Vehicle Tracking System Using Arduino (2024)
Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Frankie Dare

Last Updated:

Views: 5630

Rating: 4.2 / 5 (73 voted)

Reviews: 80% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Frankie Dare

Birthday: 2000-01-27

Address: Suite 313 45115 Caridad Freeway, Port Barabaraville, MS 66713

Phone: +3769542039359

Job: Sales Manager

Hobby: Baton twirling, Stand-up comedy, Leather crafting, Rugby, tabletop games, Jigsaw puzzles, Air sports

Introduction: My name is Frankie Dare, I am a funny, beautiful, proud, fair, pleasant, cheerful, enthusiastic person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.